Why do we need a Historic Landmark Preservation Commission?
What is the Historic Landmark Preservation Commission?
The Randolph County Historic Landmark Preservation Commission was established by Ordinance of the Randolph County Board of Commissioners. Through interlocal agreements, the Commission also serves as the advisory body to participating municipalities in Randolph County.
The Commission has these main functions:
Why do we need to preserve Historic Landmarks?
Historic landmark preservation helps give our county individual character and ourselves a sense of place, pride and historic connection. Many counties and cities have found that historic preservation is a useful tool for stimulating new investment by increased tourism and commercial activity. Perhaps the most compelling reasons for historic landmark preservation are not economic but psychological: association with the continuity and quality of human life. Historic preservation seeks not to prevent change, but to moderate it and to reduce the sense of dislocation it can produce. Historic landmarks provide a tangible link with the past, with people and events that have made significant contributions to Randolph County history and thus have shaped our present. The history, architecture, and heritage of Randolph County are important. We are all part of a community and events that were here before us, and we all have a long-term interest as temporary custodians of our communities, in protecting and recognizing Randolph County’s history, character, and heritage. As demographics of Randolph County change, it is increasingly important for new residents to become knowledgeable about our history, heritage, and culture in order to continue to build a sustainable future.
What is a local Historic Landmark?
A local historic landmark is a designation indicating that the property is important to the heritage and character of the community and that its protection enriches all the county’s residents.
A landmark designation will be appropriate only for properties that meet the criteria used to evaluate an application.
What are the criteria used for Local Landmark Designation?
In considering a local landmark designation, the following criteria is used by the Commission in making a determination: Critical part of Randolph County’s heritage; significant historic event; significant person; important architecture; distinctive theme; unique visual feature; and a historical significance achieved for at least 50 years.
Local Historic Landmark designation applies to individual buildings, structures, sites, or objects. The Historic Landmark Commission recommends designation, and the local governing board designates the historic landmark by adopting a designation ordinance. Landmark designation has the following consequences:
What is the local property tax deferral for Local Landmarks?
Properties designated as historic landmarks are treated as a special class of property under state law (General Statutes of N.C. c.105,ss.105-278). They are taxed on the basis of fifty percent of their true value as determined by the Randolph County Tax Supervisor.
How does the tax deferral work?
A landmark tax deferral is comparable to the farm-deferred tax program available through the County Tax Department for many years to promote agricultural and forest land uses. A designated landmark is eligible for the property tax deferral; the deferral is not at the option of the local governing board. The tax deferral is not automatic; to receive it, the owner of the designated landmark must apply to the County Tax Supervisor. Payment of the deferred fifty percent of the property tax will not be required as long as the property’s significant historical features are retained. The reduction applies only to real property, not personal property.
The deferred tax becomes payable if the property loses its eligibility either because the property’s integrity has been lost or substantially impaired (other than fire or natural disaster) or because the designation ordinance has been repealed. If the property is disqualified for the tax deferral, the deferred taxes for the current year and the three proceeding years, plus interest, becomes due. If only part of the property loses its eligibility, the amount of deferred taxes due is prorated.
What is the rationale for the tax deferral?
The property tax deferral provides an incentive for preservation of historic landmark properties reflecting the belief of the North Carolina General Assembly and the Randolph County governing boards, that historic preservation is to the public’s benefit. The substantial tax penalty if the designated property is demolished, moved, or altered so that it loses its historical significance also gives the property owner an incentive to maintain the landmark property.
Can a local Historic Landmark Designation be revoked?
If a designated historic landmark is demolished, moved, or altered so that it loses its integrity or historical significance, the Commission may recommend that the local governing board revoke that property’s landmark designation by repealing the designation ordinance. Neglect of a property can be grounds for revocation.
What is a Certificate of Appropriateness?
The Commission’s primary regulatory responsibility is to prevent changes to landmark’s that would not be keeping with the special character of the landmark’s designation. An owner proposing changes to a historic landmark must apply to the Commission for a Certificate of Appropriateness. Proposed changes requiring a Certificate of Appropriateness include alteration; restoration, reconstruction; relocation; or demolition. No building permit can be issued until the Commission has approved a Certificate Of Appropriateness.
What is the process used by the commission in Local Landmark Designation?
What is the difference between Local Designation and National Register Listing?
Designation by a local governing board has no direct connection with listing on the National Register of Historic Places. The National Register is the nation’s official list of buildings, structures, objects, and sites worthy of preservation for their significance in American history, architecture, archaeology, or culture. The National Register is a federal program administered by the National Park Service in partnership with state and local governments. A Local Historic Landmark designation is an honor conferred by the local community on a landmark. A property may qualify for both local designation and National Register listing, but these are separate processes, with different consequences.
The Commission consists of nine (9) members and one (1) alternate appointed by the Randolph County Board of Commissioners. In addition to possessing unique experience and backgrounds, the makeup of the Commission is as follows:
Who provides staff support for the HLPC?
The Randolph County Planning Department provides staff support and coordination for the Historic Landmark Preservation Commission. The County Planning Department is located at 204 E. Academy Street, Asheboro, N.C.; telephone: Asheboro- 336-318-6555, Liberty- 336-218-4555, or Archdale/Trinity- 336-819-3555. The Planning Department email address is firstname.lastname@example.org.
The Deputy Clerk to the Board of County Commissioners also serves as Clerk to the Historic Landmark Preservation Commission. She can be reached at 336-318-6300.